Asian_logo_gold

Thank you

Preventive Conservation: Magnet Mounts

Preventive conservation can cover a wide range of activities and subjects, from maintaining the proper temperature and humidity in art storage to something as simple as wearing gloves when handling art. With this in mind, the Conservation Department has begun hanging art in a new way—with magnets!
A good display mount is a critical factor in protecting delicate art.  Artwork often needs to be displayed on gallery walls without a traditional frame, for a number of reasons. Asian paintings were seldom designed for European-style frames, while many costumes are simply too bulky. Displaying such works has traditionally required hidden pins, stitching, or paper hinges, but a new generation of super-strong rare earth magnets offers a new option. These reusable magnets serve as gentle clamps, pressing the artwork against a padded sheet of steel hidden inside a backing board. The pressure can be adjusted by adding more magnets or padding, and the artwork need not be altered by pins, sewing, or other attachments.  These reusable mounts can be quickly installed, saving time and money.

Light-sensitive paintings works on paper and textiles are rotated on a regular basis The above paintings by Chao Shao-An in Gallery 20 and Himalayan thangkas in Gallery 12 are displayed on magnetic mounts
Light-sensitive paintings, works on paper, and textiles are rotated on a regular basis. Many contemporary Chinese paintings (shown here in Gallery 18) are displayed on magnetic mounts.
Large-scale contemporary works such as this ink painting on paper by Zheng Chongbin 20125 are good candidates for a magnetic display mount  The 23-foot long work is painted on a single sheet of handmade paper
Large-scale contemporary works such as this ink painting on paper by Zheng Chongbin [2012.5] are good candidates for a magnetic display mount. The 23-foot long work is painted on handmade paper, and is being installed by Shiho Sasaki, Conservator of Paintings, and Kimi Taira, Conservation Technician.

Costumes
Fragile, heavy costumes often need internal padding to support their weight and give them shape.  Three-dimensional figures, hanging rods, and customized inserts can help to show how clothing might have looked on a living person or displayed in a home. 

This Burmese court costume 200877A-J is made of fragile fabric encrusted with heavy metal and glass ornaments so the mount must provide plenty of support
This Burmese court costume [2008.77.A-.J] is made of fragile fabric encrusted with heavy metal and glass ornaments, so the mount must provide plenty of support.
The complex structure hidden beneath this glittering dress is made from padded fabric-covered archival panels assembled by textile conservator Denise Migdail on a custom-built dress form
The complex structure hidden beneath this glittering dress is made from padded, fabric-covered archival panels. Here, textile conservator Denise Migdail is assembling the costume on a custom-built dress form.

Can you spot the difference
Can you spot the difference? One the left, three empty circles mark where decorative gems have been lost. On the right, temporary replacements have been added using magnets.
The multi-part costume is assembled on the mount using a combination of pins, stitching and magnetic buttons. Magnetic buttons hidden in the decoration give the heavy costume additional support. To disguise the magnets, inexpensive costume gems are toned with acrylic paint and attached to the magnets with double-stick tape.

DSC_0034jpg
Hanging Batik textiles on display in Batik: Spectacular Textiles of Java
Each mount is designed with a very specific display in mind.  In the exhibition Batik: Spectacular Textiles of Java, curator Natasha Reichle wanted to show visitors how the textiles might be worn or stored in the home, so designer Marco Centin and textile conservator Denise Migdail created dynamic mounts in hanging and draped styles. A conservator always prefers to use the least invasive method to mount an art object for display, so Migdail took advantage of the flat, lightweight nature of batiks to use thin, bendable 'refrigerator' magnets for support instead of pins. 

The decorative design on this textile was photographed exactly precisely to scale and the image attached to a long magnetic strip Under careful gallery lighting this camouflaged magnet is barely noticeable
The decorative design on this textile was photographed precisely to scale, and the printed image attached to a long magnetic strip. Under careful gallery lighting, this ‘camouflaged’ magnet is barely noticeable.

Magnetic mount construction  
Beneath their elegant fabrics, the panels lining the gallery cases are complex constructions of aluminum composite and galvanized steel.

13_Adhere_the_strips_between_the_magnetsJPG

Magnetic mount systems are constructed in two parts. First, rare-earth magnets are embedded into strips of archival museum board and cut into strips. The strips are customized for strength, size, shape and color to match the needs of each artwork.

DSC_0037JPG

Next, a display panel is fabricated to support the artwork and attract the magnets. Hangers are attached to the back of the display panel, and steel sheeting adhered to the front. The mount edges are smoothed and sealed.

Conservation Technician Jocelyn Chan covers the complex construction with layers of fabric for a finished appearance
Conservation Technician Jocelyn Chan covers a mount board with layers of fabric.
Next, the mount is covered with a protective flannel layer, followed by a finish fabric that matches the gallery design. All the materials, including the fabrics, are tested for archival stability to protect the art from chemicals or bleeding dyes.

HIM gallery
Himalayan thangkas hang on their finished mounts (Gallery 12). The red fabric covering the mount boards matches the back of the cabinet.

Read More

Stephen Heer, “The Sacrifice by James Nactwey: Gallery Installation of a 32 ft. 3.-long Photograph with Flexible Magnets” AIC: Connecting to Conservation: Outreach and Advocacy Abstract Book 2012 98-99.

Daria Keynan, Julie Barten and Elizabeth Estabrook, "Installation methods for Robert Ryman's wall-mounted works, The Paper Conservator Volume 31 (2007): 7-15.

Gwen Spicer, http://www.spicerart.com/page90/page90.html.

Gwen Spicer, "Defying Gravity with Magnetism" AICNews (Nov. 2010) vol. 35, 6:1,3-5.

Gwen Spicer, "Ferrous Attraction and The Science Behind the Magic" http://insidetheconservatorsstudio.blogspot.com/2013/05/ferrous-attraction-and-science-behind.html (2013).

American Institute for Conservation Object Specialty Group Wiki, Magnet Mounts, (2011-12).