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Yoga and Science

How philosophers, doctors and teachers brought yoga into the European and American mainstreams
Perhaps the single most important moment in the development of contemporary yoga was the 1893 World Parliament of Religions; here, Swami Vivekananda began a career that three years later would produce his groundbreaking Raja Yoga. In this book, Swami Vivekananda emphasizes yoga philosophy and meditation; however, he marginalizes hatha-practicing yogis. 

At the other end of the spectrum, a film of Shri Krishnamacharya reveals a diametrically opposed attitude towards hatha practice; his student Pattabhi K. Jois famously remarked in this connection that "yoga is 99% practice and 10% theory." 

At the same time, western mystics from the Theosophical Society were forging a composite east-west tradition. One of the most interesting products of their enterprise appears in an image that conflates the chakras of the yoga tradition with the "interior stars" of western astrology and alchemy.